At this point most of us have been nipped by the Christmas bug and the responsibilities that come combined with it, from decorating house to seeing that a sizeable turkey is obtained. However a key concern, if you have not already addressed it, is how you can shelter your garden for your oncoming frosts and enduring.
As a kick off point I've prepared all of the ten essential steps always be taken in ensuring you've got something resembling a garden come spring time.
Preventing Frost Damage
The vast majority of freeze prevention can performed at the gardens conception by the clever selection of which species to include, depending on your local climate. Hardier species must be of lesser concern however, of course, planting based exclusively on this attribute can lead to a somewhat limited palette, so we've got to look at how preserve the less hardy specimens.
Protecting trained plants
One of the most susceptible types of vegetation is those that are grown in exposed areas of one's garden, particularly those more tenders plants that require cane support such as climbers or vines. A highly effective and cheap way to protect them is the sandwich technique whereby you erect a wall of cane or chicken wire spare on both of the specimen and fill the gap between with a layer of fleece or straw, you will learn not only provide extra support in high winds but will insulate the guarana plant against the coming chilly temperature. This is also effective for plants trained against walls.
Palms and Ferns
When it comes to large leaved and crowned plants, protecting that crown is paramount. To do this, bunch the large foliage together in order to prevent them being a sail tossed in high winds and thus degrading the strength their own stems and the crown itself. You may also wish to insulate the trunks by wrapping them in hessian or another similar material in baguette version of the sandwich technique, again bolstering this with a straw cramming.
Plants like the Banana are unsurprisingly vulnerable to winter conditions and require greater diligence than most to ensure their protection. Half a dozen wooden stakes encircling the trunk must provide a good frame around which to wrap gossamer or fleece followed along with a compact thick layer of straw. All the leaves and side shoots should be removed before hand and the stake tent should reach the height of a corner.
Keep the evergreens green
By applying another thick layer of mulch to the bottom stems of evergreens you provide a protective roof for the soil that houses its roots, a frost proof vest if you will, that absorbs going for an of the damp that could otherwise threaten the root structure of to obtain.
Those most tender among your plants should be either initially housed in pots, or at least relocated to them, in order to cover easy transport and indoor storage over the winter months. If a warm and weather resistant greenhouse is unavailable then take cuttings and provide a lesser environment in similarly controlled conditions prior to the weather becomes manageable.
Dry and Lowdown
You furthermore wish to purchase a sheet or a couple of glass or alternatively a cloche, preferably corrugated, to be able to shelter your lowing growing alpines, any other planting that prefers free-draining conditions, over wetter weather they'll be exposed to. To this end a layer of gravel or silt wouldn't go amiss to ensure any penetrating water is actually going to effectively drained, once again nullifying potential frost traumas.
A Word on Snow
Snow can be both a blessing and a curse in the winter months garden, whilst an effective insulator on the cold along with the wind, excessive stuff can compromise the entire structure of even biggest bank plants. Good rules of thumb include regular shaking of tree branches and clearing in the greenhouse roof, the you may risk snapped limbs but the other negates the whole purpose of having a greenhouse by blocking out the sun-tan. Rule one also applies on the smaller cousins as well as a ferns as branches will end deformed if bowed via the weight of your snow. It's also important to remember that lawns are given to permanent scarring if walked upon during snowy days, not to fungal puanteur.
The Leaves of Autumn
A topic hotly debated in horticulture is what to do with the mass of leaves that will collect about the average garden throughout autumn. For safety reasons, they should truly be pulled from walking surfaces, however what of those found on the grass? The immediate risk is that they need to smother whatever turf they land on, but simultaneously it seems a laborious task to build up them nearly. A friend suggested that gratis run the mower over them whilst on the grass an excellent finally I purchase a for you to thank them. This deteriorates the leaves enough to allow sunlight and moisture in and also gives them a head start into mulching, a healthy process for your lawn itself.
The key point here is to avoid plastic where possible, particularly on insulation process as they'll inhibit which often can ability to breathe. Insulators like bubble wrap may contain any moisture that manages to go in thus exacerbating any rot problems guarana may be susceptible you can. Also avoid, if possible, feeding nitrogen based fertiliser too late in 4 seasons as this will encouraged auxiliary leafy growth whose tender stems tend to be susceptible frost damage.
So, get everything warmly hidden and then get yourself inside to take pleasure from the fire and steaming cup of gin!